NUR4232 EBP and Research in Nursing
Is Nursing an Art or Science, or Both?
Nursing is defined and referred to as both an art and a science through theory and research in nursing practice. Although the science of nursing is grounded on the acquirement of knowledge and skills, along with theoretical understanding of nursing, but it is also described as ‘an experience lived between human beings’. Is Nursing an Art or Science, or Both?
The terms science and art are essential for the nursing practice. The two notions of art and science have a certain meaning and their vital attributes help to shed light on the nature of nursing practice. The comprehension of both terms is crucial in order to understand the similarities and dissimilarities and to a comprehension of the multifaceted relation executed in nursing practice. The science of nursing comprises the systematized knowledge; whereas, as an art form, nursing has three main constituents —medium, process, and product. Art of nursing and its science are both equally imperative for excellence in the carrying out of nursing’s mission. Experienced nurses portray a skillfully balanced movement among science and art and this balanced movement excels as it utilizes the variances amongst these two forms (Peplau, 1988; 2000). According to Jasmine (2009), nursing can be widely recognized as both science and art, in which caring formulates the nursing’s theoretical framework. Nursing and caring are based on a relational unity, understanding, and association between the patient and professional nurse. Nurses are challenged by task-oriented approaches to maintain care in nursing. The challenge of keeping care is continuing as experienced nurses make every effort to keep the concept, art, and act of caring as the nursing profession’s moral center. The application of both science and art is required in keeping the care in nursing by means of scientific research, theoretical concepts, and conscientious dedication to the art of caring as nursing’s identity, and purposive attempts to take in caring behaviors during all interactions between nurse and patient. This research paper discusses the profession of nursing both as an art and a science.
In the past, nurses were instrumental, responsive to the instructions, orders, and trend of other domains, especially doctors. Tasks were delegated to nurses by physicians, and nurses did not inevitably question their orders. Thus, historically, nursing was a profession of giving, and the use of scientific methodology was lacked by it to inform nursing practice. There were no such proper practice principles or evidence for procedures carried out. The orientation of nursing, in the past, was limited to a robotic, task-oriented duty; it was one of mother surrogate, treatment and observing a dependent patients ward. However, nowadays, professional nurses have cast off the handmaid role to turn out to be caregivers on the health care frontlines. Nursing is now recognized as a scientific profession rooted in concepts, theory, and research—focused upon the art of caring and centered on outcomes of health care. Nursing is made up of a distinctive set of functions and practices, each necessitating specialized skills and knowledge. That’s why, the essence of nursing is not defined by nursing functions. An approach that comprises of scientific and artistic dimensions of nursing best incorporates the gist of professional nursing care (Jasmine, 2009).
The Science of Nursing: Evidence-Based Practice
It is well-understood by professional nurses that how much it is important to make use of best available evidence to channelize nursing practice. Professional nurses take up caring as the core or essence of nursing, and they are focused to provide cost-effective, safe, and quality nursing care through evidence. Contrasted with good faith, intuition, or habit, evidence is used by the professional nurse so as to make knowledgeable…