NUR 5350 Nurse Educator Capstone Practicum
Discuss the development of the discipline of nursing.
As advances in nursing science and research impact upon nursing education and clinical practice, new ways of looking at phenomena have led to re-examination and refinement of the traditional concepts: person, environment, health, and nursing. This evolving pattern of intellectual growth holds promise for the discipline of nursing through the advancement of knowledge based upon scientific inquiry into the practice of nursing. A discipline of nursing must encompass a proactive approach to the development theory that not only circumnavigates the present debates, but also bridges the worlds of research, theory and practice. Advancing a discipline of nursing is complex, convoluted and dynamic process. The next century will provide nursing with an opportunity to think nursing; that is, nursing will transcend the philosophy and knowledge of the discipline beyond the present boundaries.
2. Differentiate academic discipline and professional discipline. Academic discipline is a branch of knowledge that is taught and researched at the college or university level. Academic discipline tends to co-evolve with systems of professions. 3. Explain the relationship of the discipline to practice.
Both discipline and practice are defined, their symbiotic relationship explored, and specific strategies proposed, to enhance the development of the profession. In particular, the need for a shared conceptual framework which would transcend university and service structures to promote an academic practice is examined in addition to the benefits of instituting theoretically based in the practice setting. 4. Discuss the structure of the discipline of Nursing
The different metaparadigm in nursing:
Nursing Paradigms are patterns or models used to show a clear relationship among the existing theoretical works in nursing. At present, many nursing theories are focused on relationships among four major concepts (metaparadigms: Greek “meta“-with and “paradeigma“-pattern):
The 4 Metaparadigm in Nursing
1. Person – The recipient of nursing care like individuals, families and communities. 2. Environment – The external and internal aspects of life that influence the person. 3. Health – The holistic level of wellness that the person experiences. 4. Nursing – The interventions of the nurse rendering care in support of, or in cooperation with the client. These concepts are collectively referred to as metaparadigm for nursing. These four major concepts establish a better direction and understanding of nursing profession. The Nursing Metaparadigm embodies the knowledge base, theory, philosophy, research, practice, and educational experience and literature identified with the profession. These given concepts vary in accordance to the experiences and views of different nursing theorists.
2.1 Model and framework
* Model is representations of the interaction among and between the concepts showing patterns. They provide an overview of the thinking behind the theory and may demonstrate how theory can be introduced into practice, for example, through specific methods of assessment. Models are useful as they allow the concepts in nursing theory to be successfully applied to nursing practice (Lancaster and Lancaster 1981). Their main limitation is that they are only as accurate or useful as the underlying theory. * Framework Identify areas for focus and speculation and determines how the world is viewed. A set of assumptions, concepts, values and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality. 2.2 Concept and theory
Concept Is a vehicle of thought, refers to a “complex mental formulation of “our perceptions of the world” (Chinn and Kramer, 1995).
The first step of theory development as described by Jacox (1974), and forms the basis for higher stages…