NUR 5340 Measurement and Evaluation in Nursing Education

NUR 5340 Measurement and Evaluation in Nursing Education

Theoretical Foundation in Nursing

Cesaria Tan – First Filipino nurse who had Masters Degree in Nursing in the United States. Annie Sand – Founded the National League of Philippine Government Nurses. Socorro Diaz – First editor of “The Message” the first journal of Philippine Nurses Association Dr. Julita Sotejo – Considered as Florence Nightingale of the Philippines; Founder of the University of the Philippines College of nursing; Author of Code of Ethics (PRC BON Res No. 633,1982) Anastacia Giron Tupaz – Founder of the Filipino Nurses Association at present known as PNA. Rosario Montemayor Delgado – First President of the FNA; She was a graduate of the Philippine General Hospital School of Nursing

THEORETICAL CONCEPT OR DIFFERENT CONTEMPORARY THEORIST
Florence Nightingale- Environmental Theory
Virginia Henderson – Definition of Nursing
Martha Rogers – Unitary Human Being
Sis Callista Roy – Adaptation Model
Dorothea Orem – Self –Care Theory
Imogene King – Goal Attainment theory
Betty Neuman – Health Care System Model
Dorothy Johnson – Behavioral System Model
Sigmund Freud – Psychoanalytic Theory
Erik Erikson – Theory of Personality Development
Lawrence Kohlberg – Moral Development Theory
Jean Piaget – Cognitive Development
Madeleine Leininger – Transcultural Theory
Hildegard Peplau – Interpersonal Relation in Nursing
Ida Jean Orlando – Nursing Process Theory
Jean Watson – Theory of Human Caring
Myra Estrin Levine – Conversation Model
Lydia Hall – Core, Care, Cure Theory in Nursing
Faye Abdellah – Concept of Nursing Diagnosis

PROFESSIONAL ROLES OF NURSES

Caregiver – provide care and comfort for persons together with preserving the dignity of human being. Communicator – Communication facilitates understanding and collaboration of nursing action with their clients and other members of the health team. Teacher – nurses help the clients learn the state of their well-being and the therapies that will be done to alleviate their conditions. Counselor – help the clients to cope with stress brought about their health condition. Client Advocate – promoting what is best for the patient, ensuring that his needs are met and protecting his rights. Change Advocate – as a change agent, the nurse can identify the problem, assesses clients motivation and capacities for change and others. Leader – process of influencing helps the client in making decisions to establish and achieve their goals towards alleviating their conditions. Manager – involves “planning, giving direction, developing staff, monitoring operations, giving rewards fairly, and representing both staff members and administration as needed.” Researcher – investigative role of nurses which further improves the nursing practice.

EXPANDED ROLE OF NURSES
Nurse Generalist
Nurse Clinician
Nurse Practitioner
Nurse Specialist

SCOPE OF THEORIES AND ANALYSIS

THEORIES – known to have a relative system of idea that is intended to explain a given phenomena or fact. NURSING THEORIES – reflects to particular views of person, health, environment, nursing and other concepts that contribute to the development of a body of knowledge specific to nursing concern.

3 CATEGORIES RELATED TO SCOPE OF THEORY

1. GRAND THEORIES – are simply known to speak about a broad range of important relationship among concept and discipline. A example of grand theory Orem’s Self-care theory of nursing and Neuman Systems Model theory. 2. Middle-Range Theories – are the least abstract level of theoretical knowledge because they include details specific to nursing practice. 3. Micro-range theories – known to be the most concrete and narrow in scope.

DIFFERENT WAYS IN ANALYSING AND EVALUATING NSG THEORY
Clarity
Simplicity
Generality
Empirical precision
Derivable consequences

NURSING THEORIST
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
The matriarch of modern nursing
born on May 12, 1820 in Florence, Italy.
Lives in Derbyshire(orig. home) and Hampshire (Embley Park) in London. In 1851 she complete her…

NUR 5340 Measurement and Evaluation in Nursing Education