NUR 5330 Clinical Teaching Strategies
DESCRIBE THE STAGES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEORETICAL NURSING.
Since the time of the Crimean War, nursing has gone through many stages in its search for a professional identity and in defining its domain. Each stage has helped nurses come closer to identify the domain of nursing, defining its mission, and defining its theoretical base.
1. Stage of Practice.
The Western version of nursing as an occupation dates from the late 19th century and the early 20th century, a product of Crimean War. Because of the need to care for wounded soldiers, Florence Nightingale organized a group of women to deliver care under her supervision and war surgeons as well. Nightingale focused on hygiene as her goal and environment changes as the means to achieve that goal. She believed that the focus of nursing should be in creating a positive environment through the manipulation of the patient’s surroundings in order to enhance the reparative process. The Eastern version of the beginning of nursing gives credit to Koaiba Bent Saad, who accompanied Mohammed (prophet) in his Islamic wars. Like Nightingale, she organized group of women and focused on hygiene and environment in caring for the sick, the wounded, and the disabled. She modeled first aid, emergency care, and longterm healing and caring. She also trained women in the art of first aid and nursing. Like Florence Nightingale, she established the first school of…